Now countries are competing, who will be able to «switch to the Sun» faster. Even the lack of land for the construction of solar power plants did not become an obstacle for the countries of Southeast Asia – they learned to build floating photovoltaic systems in water bodies.
Thailand’s state-owned energy company EGAT plans to create a floating 45 MW solar power plant at the Sirindhorn dam. In total, the company intends to implement 16 such projects in 9 rivers of the country.
Singapore also deals with marine floating solar systems – Sunseap Group is developing a reliable, open sea platform that does not interfere with the movement of water transport.
Although the installation of floating photovoltaic panels is somewhat more expensive technology than the land stations construction, the revenue from generating energy equally exceeds the cost. Among the advantages of water power plants – water-cooling reduces heat loss and extends the life of plants. Moreover, the panels will be able to reduce the evaporation of reservoirs in hot weather.
China currently has 1.1 GW of floating solar power. Indian government announced the development of floating power plants at 10 GW.
Technology developers are convinced that there will be no adverse effects to marine flora and fauna, since the panels will cover relatively small areas and will not prevent sunlight getting into the water.