Where does energy go?
When creating the scenarios, the researchers analyzed data on both generation and energy consumption by the city. The population, industry, transport and service industry consume the most. There are 2 compulsory ways in each of these categories: to reduce energy consumption and switch to the consumption of «clean» energy.
When it comes to population, the main path is energy efficiency. Insulation of houses will reduce the cost of heating in winter and air conditioning in summer. Installation
of roof boilers or rooftop SPPs will provide electricity for the whole house. When building new highrise buildings, it is possible to immediately plan their energy
supply at the expense of exclusively «green» energy: solid fuel boilers, SPPs, electric ovens and electric stoves instead of gas, etc.
The refocus of the industry on the RES energy usage will minimize emissions and neutralize the remaining share of emissions owing to vegetation.
As for transport, the solutions are currently expensive and difficult to implement. Electric transport is still much more expensive than the traditional one, so it is unlikely to be introduced to the masses. However, such solutions can be at least at the level of the public transport system and the transition to trams and trolleybuses instead of buses and minibuses. At the level of private transport, the use of biofuels or hydrogen is almost non-existent due to the lack of production, supply and profitability.
What are the advantages?
The implementation of energy transition scenarios is very beneficial for the city – both scientists and representatives of the international organization 350.org
emphasize. After all, this will give a stable energy system of the city, flexible and ready for challenges – able to balance the use of energy from different technologies.
During the climate crisis and the prospects of joining the European green course programs, the city authorities have many opportunities to find additional income for such changes through grant and investment programs, technical support programs, and soft financing. Such funds should be spent not only on the construction
of new power plants, boiler stations, but also on infrastructure – the modernization of obsolete grids.
There are also advantages for the city residents: new work positions at new enterprises, construction and operation of new facilities, the possibility of retraining. In fact, the city's energy transition will bring new social standards: well-paid jobs, economic growth and sustainable development of the city. The «green» generation will contribute to a better situation with emissions, less damage to health, and therefore, the perception of the city as more prosperous for life.
An example for others
Svitlana Romanko, managing director of the international climate organization 350.org in the EECCA region (Eastern Europe, Caucasus and Central Asia), highlights that this scenario is the first document that contains a thorough mathematical
modeling and takes into account economic, development and energy consumption. Its implementation depends on the will of the city authorities and the community.
At the same time, other cities and communities can refer to the «Energy Transition» Coalition for cooperation in creating similar scenarios for their settlements,
taking into account certain source data and specifics.
Oleksandr Diachuk adds: this document could become a basis for energy transition scenarios in other cities. However, he emphasizes that these are only possible directions of development, not the forecast future, and the specific strategy will
depend on the cost of technologies, the chosen set of actions, and legislative decisions.