We may not say that now is a good time for development, the world economy is suffering from the challenges of time, the pandemic in particular. However, many countries are finding the strength and resources to pave the way towards the energy transition, and some are also helping other countries in this uphill task. Why do countries consider the energy transition more important than anything else that cannot wait and be postponed?
In brief - an increase in the average temperature on the planet by each degree leads to irreversible climatic processes, melting glaciers, increasing ocean levels. And this, in turn, leads to the threat of extinction not only of individual island territories, but of entire countries. Every extra degree of average annual temperature is a climate change. This is a decrease in frequency, but at the same time a significant increase in rainfall intensity, reduction of agricultural land, desertification etc. Absolutely everyone feels the effects of climate change. Successful countries apprehend that time cannot be wasted. Any positive changes take many decades to take effect. There can be no priority competition. In fact, it is an indicator of the development and capacity of each country, region, municipality, community.
At the official level, Ukraine seems to declare the values of the energy transition, but in practice we see a completely different situation. What prevents us from moving from calls and declarations to strategic planning and step-by-step implementation of the energy transition plan?
Politics interferes. Modern Ukrainian and not only Ukrainian politics demonstrate the extreme popularity of populist approaches, especially in young democratic countries. The one who promises the greatest happiness to everyone will be opted for. The issues of public understanding for the technocratic change necessity are often not popular among the general public. In my opinion, we talk too little about climate change, about the irreversibility of negative climate processes and their consequences for future generations. We talk very little about the experience of developed European countries, where the population has the highest electricity tariff and is simply forced to constantly take care of the energy efficiency of their homes. We are not talking enough about the so-called «cross-subsidization», when the population receives an artificially reduced tariff, financed by commercial electricity consumers, who then budget this component of the prime cost in goods consumed by the same population.
We need political courage and the fastest possible transition to European practice, which for several decades has demonstrated the possibility of sustainable development of renewable energy and reducing environmental impact by creating fair conditions for all energy market participants, the ability to compete between participants in state reverse auctions for a guaranteed amount of electricity that will be generated by renewable energy sources, balanced by modern storage systems and consumed by a solvent consumer. Currently, the main challenge for the further development of both Ukrainian and European solar energy is precisely the balancing generation and consumption issue. Here are the prospects for the electricity storage systems development by 2050.