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Nataliia Lytvyn
«Energy Transition» coalition
Nataliia Lytvyn, «Energy Transition» coalition's coordinator, NGO's «Ecoclub» project coordinator.

Regarding the current state of the energy transition in Ukraine

2020 was the year of RES's survival. Among the problems there are the crisis of non-payment, reduction of the «feed-in» tariff, non-fulfillment of the Memorandum and laws by the government and the National Commission for Regulation of Economic Competition, political pressure, etc. Baseless oppression to renewable energy began to surge up. Probably, we will be restoring the «greens» reputation for a long time. Last year, less SPPs were commissioned than in 2019. Owners of companies operating in the solar industry were forced to make about 3,000 employees redundant. This means that the state is taking significant steps back from the energy transition. At the same time, we have a proven powerful potential for further development of renewable energy. By 2020, we had some success, because in Ukraine, solar energy was developing rapidly, new wind farms were being built. In 2019, the total capacity of «clean» electricity has tripled compared to 2018 and reached the level of 6.78 GW of electricity.
Ukrainian cities are switching to renewable energy. Zhytomyr became the first city whose municipality in partnership with the public and international organizations has developed and implemented a long-term strategy for the city's transition to full energy supply and 100% renewable energy sources by 2050. In addition to Zhytomyr, cities such as Lviv, Chortkiv, and Kamianets-Podilskyi have ambitious plans.
Home SPPs: today there are almost 28 thousand of them. The wealth of the state is not determined by the number of projects built by large corporations, foreign or local investors, but by small households. Given that we have 6 million households, the percentage of the former is negligible today.
Small RES generation is very difficult to develop. There are 492 small RES power plants with a capacity of up to 1 MW in Ukraine. RES generation occupies less than 2.5% of all installed RES capacity - 184.7 MW. These indicators demonstrate unfavorable legislative and regulatory regimes for small market participants. There are a number of important advantages of distributed generation. In particular: less impact on the energy system, fairer energy transition and diversification of ownership, bringing energy production closer to the consumer, the possibility of increasing the reliability of energy supply, new opportunities for communities and societies etc. EU countries stimulate the development of distributed RES generation and create attractive conditions for small participants in energy markets.
Admittedly, the transition is quite slow. In order for us to observe the results of the energy transition, the introduction of RES in Ukraine requires a stable regulatory field and balanced and consistent state support.


Regarding «Energy Transition» coalition


«Energy Transition»
is an all-Ukrainian coalition of non-governmental organizations, municipalities and active citizens who have joined forces to facilitate Ukraine's transition to energy efficiency and the use of renewable energy sources. The coalition includes 8 NGOs from different parts of Ukraine: «Ecoclub» (Rivne), «Ecodia» (Kyiv), «All-Ukrainian Sustainable Development and Investments Agency» (Kyiv), «Khmelnytskyi Energy Cluster» (Khmelnytskyi), «Ekoltava» (Poltava), Safe hub «PravoPolice» (Kostyantynivka of Donetsk region) and NGO «City of the Sun» (Mykolaiv). The coalition's operation began in 2018. In 2020 Mykolaiv joined it. The city council signed a membership application and announced the city's intention to gradually move to RES.

The coalition's mission
is to promote Ukraine's transition to 100% renewable energy through advocacy, information and stakeholder engagement. At the state level, we are working to ensure that energy efficiency in all sectors and the development of RES have turned into real priorities of the state energy and climate policy. At the local level, it assists municipalities in developing and implementing a Sustainable Energy and Climate Action Plan so that Ukrainians in cities and villages have the opportunity to implement energy efficiency measures and take advantage of renewable energy sources. Therefore, we raise their awareness, create financial instruments and defend the interests of small RES facilities' owners.



Major projects of the «Energy Transition» coalition

Last year, the main work focused on research and responding to energy challenges.

Together with the NGO «Active Consumers and Prosumers Union» we have prepared 2 studies of the current state of RES stations up to 1 MW and options for supporting distributed generation in Ukraine:

• Small participants in the RES market in Ukraine. Study of the generation segment with an installed capacity of up to 1 MW: https://energytransition.in.ua/wp-content/uploads/... vstanovlenoiu-potuzhnistiu-do-1-MVt-2.pdf

• Report «Stimulation of distributed generation in the 4th EU Energy Package»: https://energytransition.in.ua/wp-content/uploads/... .pdf

The research highlights the problem of barriers to the development of small RES power plants and describes which tools of the 4th EU energy package can be effectively used in Ukraine. This information was presented at an open event and communicated to the Government in the form of positional statements.

We have made a decision to work with cities. Due to the situation with the pandemic, communication and work with municipalities in general were complicated, but we managed to start cooperation with Mykolaiv. In particular, on a constant basis we provide information support to the Mykolaiv Center of Energy Efficiency and communicate with the Energy Department.

Moreover, the NGO «Ecoclub» within the Coalition framework conducted an online training «Energy School of Deputies and Managers», which consisted of 6 seminars and lasted for a month. The total number of registered participants is 128, 82 out of which are current and potential deputies of local councils, 46 are representatives of executive bodies of local councils. The task we have set ourselves is to increase the number of municipal delegates with a background in the sector of climate, energy efficiency, RES and sustainable development.

Also, the leaders of the Ukrainian communities, who are potential supporters of the Coalition, receive monthly information with news and development opportunities related to the transition to 100% RES. Last year, 16 mailings were prepared and distributed to 949 communities. As a result, more than 100 representatives of local self-government bodies from different parts of Ukraine registered for the Coalition's events.


Regarding the «Energy Transition» coalition's results

During 2020, the Coalition prepared 11 position documents and signed 2 joint appeals. They can be found on our website in the section «Announcements and press releases» (https://energytransition.in.ua/). Articles and position papers represent public opinion and were distributed by coalition resources. All position documents were sent to the President of Ukraine, the Prime Minister of Ukraine and to the relevant ministries. Such activity on the part of NGOs and representatives of communities from different parts of Ukraine indicated the authorities of the energy transition topic importance for Ukrainians.

Concerning research on small RES market participants, we have identified what they are in terms of capacity, technology, regions and how capital is distributed among small RES market players. So far, no such studies have been published.

In continuation of the 1st study, the 2nd report was prepared, where we described which instruments of the 4th EU energy package can be effectively applied in Ukraine, and focused on the features of support schemes for small generation and RES communities. During the presentation of the report together with the State Agency for Energy Efficiency and Energy Saving of Ukraine, we presented the main recommendations for our country. Based on them, we are also making up schemes of our own work.

During the year we held 8 thematic events, presentations, including «Energy School of Deputies and Managers». Despite the specific topics of the events, more than 500 participants were registered. More than 1,000 Ukrainians were interested in the activities of the Coalition and the topic of RES through the Facebook page.



How to join the coalition projects?

We invite NGOs, municipalities, energy experts and active citizens to become members of the coalition and join the promotion of the energy transition in Ukraine. Participate in our events, follow the Facebook page (https://www.facebook.com/energytransition.in.ua) - this is a support indicator of our work and confirmation of the importance of the RES topic development in general. We also invite you to become volunteers and supporters of our NGOs in your city.